People often feel a very strong desire to conceive during some point in their life. Most couples who are trying to achieve pregnancy would do so in the first year itself, probably in the first few months. Only a few would be able to conceive in the next year. So infertility treatments do not begin until and unless the couple has tried for at least 12 months. Couples would benefit from visiting a reproductive endocrinologist if they cannot conceive within the first few months.
Infertility is when the couple cannot conceive even after regular unprotected sex for at least 12 months. It might be so that one partner cannot contribute to conception.

How common is infertility?

According to the reports from CDC or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 11% of all women find it difficult to conceive and carry a child to term. About 6% of married women are infertile. Infertility is a problem that can be faced by both men and women alike. Actually, men and women are equally like to have problems with their fertility. Among all the infertility cases, about a third can be attributed to men, another third to women, while the final third can be a combination of both male infertility and female infertility or there might not be a known cause.

What are the factors that can risk infertility?

Older age can be one of the most significant risk factors. Others include smoking, a history of sexually transmitted diseases, abnormal body weight and heavy use of alcohol.

What should you know about pregnancy to understand infertility?


One of the first steps in pregnancy is ovulation. The female menstrual cycle is controlled by hormones. When they stimulate the maturation of an egg, it is released from the ovary during ovulation. The follicle in the ovary releases progestin, preparing the uterus for implantation. The problems that are related to ovulation would include eggs that have not matured or been released during the menstrual cycle an ovarian failure or insufficient progestin.

data Fertilisation

After the successful release of an egg, it travels towards the uterus through the fallopian tube. It might meet the sperms in the fallopian tube, if available, and get fertilized. The sperms must have gone through the cervix and the uterus to reach the fallopian tubes. There could be

  • damaged or blocked fallopian tubes through scarring or other problems
  • cervical damage
  • a low sperm count
  • problems with motility of the sperms and other functions
  • blockages that prevent sperms from getting into the semen



In the final stage, the fertilized egg or zygote must get implanted in the lining of the uterus. It can grow there to form an embryo and then the foetal developments can start. There could be potential problems at this stage as well, like:
hormonal abnormalities
damage or improper uterine lining

Even a full evaluation, the causes of infertility often go unexplained. As much as 15% of the infertility cases are due to unexplained infertility. But even when the cause is not known, there are fertility treatments that can overcome the problem. Getting in touch with a doctor is recommended as soon as possible, as infertility conditions can only worsen with age.

Authored By Dr.Mugdha Raut, MD & Dr.Mohan Raut, MD

Our Team


The lyers went form clinic to clinic . They tried everything,including IVF. Nothing worked.But they were not the ones to give up hope! Finally,after 5 years of waiting,Nisha was born to them at our clinic.

An open letter from Dr Mugdha

Nisha is 21 now! she is hale and hearty; beautiful to look at and very very spirited. To me, she could have been no one other than that - knowing first hand how she was brought into the world.

It is beautiful story I love to tell,especially to those couples who have resigned to a life without a child.

Read More

Related Stories


There are half a million cases where IVF has failed too;but that no way means the end of the road to parenthood. Dr Mohan Raut writes about his experience with Lymhocyte Immunisation Therapy.

Read More
Book Appointment

Enquire Now

All Fields Are Mandatory

Invalid OTP... Please Try Again

All Fields Are Mandatory